Elsayed I, AbouGhaly MH
Nanocomposite microparticles are intelligent carriers utilised for pulmonary drug delivery. These carriers are composed of drug-encapsulated nanoparticles dispersed in microstructures of polysaccharides. Upon administration, the inhaled microparticles can penetrate and be deposited deeply in the lung due to their adjusted aerodynamic particle size. Subsequently, the nanoparticles are released into the lung and are retained there for a prolonged time due to their resistance to immunological opsonisation, engulfment and digestion.
Nanocomposite microparticles may be prepared by spray drying, spray freeze drying, spray drying fluidised bed granulation or dry coating techniques. The selection of the included excipients, preparation technique and optimisation of the operational parameter play a significant role in the determination of the aerodynamic particle size, redispersibility of the nanoparticles, morphology, yield, moisture content, flowability and in vitro drug release. Moreover, the in vivo behaviour of this novel carrier may be optimised and traced by studying the lung deposition of the inhaled particles and the biological activity of the encapsulated drug.
Nanocomposite microparticles have been found to be superior to both nanoparticles and microparticles and may represent a promising carrier for pulmonary drug delivery.
aerodynamic particle size, lung deposition, nanocomposite microparticles, spray freeze drying.