Hydroxypropyl beta cyclodextrin: a water-replacement agent or a surfactant upon spray freeze-drying of IgG with enhanced stability and aerosolization
Shahriar Milani, Homa Faghihi, Abdolhosein Roulholamini Najafabadi, Mohsen Amini, Hamed Montazeri, Alireza Vatanara
The great potential of hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrin (HPßCD), as a dried-protein stabilizer, has been attributed to various mechanisms namely water-replacement, vitrification and surfactant-like effects. Highlighting the best result in our previous study (weight ratio IgG: HPßCD of 1:0.4), herein we designed to evaluate the efficacy of upper (1:2) and lower (1:0.05) ratios of HPßCD in stabilization and aerosol properties of spray freeze-dried IgG. The protective effect of HPβCD, as measured by size exclusion chromatography (SEC-HPLC) was most pronounced at C3′ and C3″, IgG:trehalose:HPβCD ratios of 1:2:0.25 and 1:2:0.05 with aggregation rate constants of 0.46 ± 0.02 and 0.58 ± 0.01 (1/month), respectively. The secondary conformations were analyzed through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and all powders well-preserved with the lack of any visible fragments qualified through sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PPAGE). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and twin stage impinger (TSI) were employed to characterize the suitability of particles for further inhalation therapy of antibodies and the highest values of fine particle fraction (FPF) were achieved by C3′ and C3″, 56.43 and 48.12%. The powders produced at the current ratio 1:2:0.25 and 1:2:0.05 are superior to our previous examination with regards to manifesting lower aggregation and comparable FPF values.