Whey protein hydrolysates as prebiotic and protective agent regulate growth and survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus CICC22152 during spray/freeze-drying, storage and gastrointestinal digestion
Hexiang Xie, Yang Liao, Meng Wai Woo, Hua Xiong, Qiang Zhao
Probiotic products are receiving increasing attention because of their tremendous beneficial health effects. However, it is still a great challenge to preserve probiotic viability during processing, storage and gastrointestinal digestion. Encapsulation is a widely known technology for enhancing bacterial viability and product stability. Hence highly hydrolyzed whey protein hydrolysate (HWPH) and moderately hydrolyzed whey protein hydrolysate (MWPH) used as a one-step culture medium and wall material for Lactobacillus rhamnosus were investigated.
H/MWPH-substitutive medium for the growth of Lactobacillus rhamnosus presented double the biomass production compared to other media. The H/MWPH-substitutive medium in combination with freeze drying also led to the highest survival ratio (97.13 ± 9.16%) and cell viability (10.62 log CFU g−1). The highest survival rate of spray-dried cells was 85.56 ± 7.4%. In addition, the cell viability of spray-dried Lactobacillus rhamnosus with MWPH as culture and dry medium was 0.79 log CFU g−1 higher than that of HWPH. Images confirmed that spray-dried Lactobacillus rhamnosus in MWPH provided better protection and it showed greater sustained viability after gastrointestinal digestion.
Overall, WPH just as carrier provides better thermal protection and MWPH is a preferable two-in-one medium for probiotics. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.