Klára Szentmihályi, Krisztina Móricz, Gábor Gigler, Zoltán May, Eszter Bódis, Judit Tóth, Mónika Bakonyi, Szilvia Klébert, Tivadar Feczkó, Zoltán Károly
Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease that affects about 10% of the population. Metronidazole-containing ointments are typically recommended for the daily treatment of symptoms. For increasing bioavailability and effectiveness, it is needed to reduce the particle size. Therefore, micronized metronidazole was prepared by spray freeze-drying (SFD) method, then its most important features were examined such as morphology, crystallinity and particle size. The anti-inflammatory effect of the as-prepared agent was tested on a mouse model of rosacea for effectiveness against oedema and redness of the ears, and it was compared to a reference cream.
Metronidazole size was reduced successfully by SFD to 2.7 μm from 162.6 μm. The material was non-porous and preserved its crystalline state. The spray freeze-dried metronidazole mixed into ointment was effective against oedema and ear-redness. The ointment reduced oedema in five times lower doses (2 × 0.04 mg metronidazole) and the ear-redness in half dose (2 × 0.2 mg metronidazole) than the cream containing reference metronidazole (2 × 0.2 mg and 2 × 0.4 mg metronidazole, respectively). In conclusion, the SFD technique is an adequate and gentle procedure for reducing the size of metronidazole, which is highly effective in rosacea.
Rosacea, Metronidazole, Spray freeze-drying, Particle size, Mouse, Oedema