Fan Zhang, Linsong Wang, Qing Xu, Wei Tian and Zhanyong Li
The rapid freezing of droplets on the surface of cold carrier particles can reduce the spray freeze-drying time. The coating freezing process can be treated in batch by using a spouted bed and the bed stability is the key. The freezing process of droplets would agglomerate the carrier particles. By analyzing the standard deviation of the bed pressure drop and the fluctuation of the bed pressure, the stable operating conditions of the spouted bed under cold coating were studied, and a dynamic adjustment method of the inlet air velocity to maintain stable spouting was proposed. The results show that the stable operating air velocity range can be described useing the standard deviation of pressure fluctuations. Before bed collapse occurs, it will experience an unstable spouting process, which causes the bed pressure to fluctuate a standard deviation of less than 15 Pa after more than 40 Pa.
cold coating; dynamic adjust; spouted bed; sprayfreeze drying; stability