Microstructure of high battery-performance Li2FeSiO4/C composite powder synthesized by combining different carbon sources in spray-freezing/freeze-drying process

Microstructure of high battery-performance Li2FeSiO4/C composite powder synthesized by combining different carbon sources in spray-freezing/freeze-drying process

Yukiko Fujita, Tomoaki Hira, Kenji Shida, Masayuki Tsushida, Jinsun Liao, Motohide Matsuda

Abstract

Spray-freezing/freeze-drying technique was applied to the synthesis of Li2FeSiO4/C composite powders using solutions containing various carbon sources, water-soluble and colloidal carbon, followed by heat treatment. The effects of the carbon sources on the microstructure and battery performance of the synthesized composite powders were investigated. The microstructures of the composite powders were clearly different when different carbon sources were used, ascribed from the thermal behavior of the carbon sources during the heat treatment. It was possible to control the microstructures of Li2FeSiO4/C composite powders by combining different carbon sources, and the synthesized composite powders exhibited high discharge capacities by mixing with only a binder for cathode. The composite powders using glucose and Ketjenblack dispersion as carbon sources delivered 165 mAh/g at first discharge capacity at 0.1 C. The developed chain structure suitable for conducting paths in the electrodes and a higher-specific BET surface area, attributed from Ketjenblack, were likely responsible for the higher performance.

Keywords

B. Microstructure-final, D. Silicate, E. Batteries, Spray-freezing/freeze-drying

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