Mechanical and tribological properties of alumina-MWCNTs composites sintered by rapid hot-pressing
Ondrej Hanzel, František Lofaj, Jaroslav Sedláček, Margita Kabátová, Monika Tatarková, Pavol Šajgalík
Alumina – MWCNTs composites were prepared using a novel approach. This process comprises functionalization of MWCNTs and stabilization of alumina-MWCNTs dispersion with subsequent freezing, which resulted in formation of granulated powders with homogeneous distribution of MWCNTs. The granulated powders were sintered by rapid hot pressing (RHP) at 1550 °C. Relative densities, microstructural analysis, tribological properties, fracture toughness and bending strength of prepared composites were investigated to reveal the effect of MWCNTs. Compared to pure alumina, bending strength and fracture toughness of dense alumina-5 vol.% MWCNTs composites decreased about 37% and 18%, respectively. At higher MWCNT contents, strength remained almost constant and fracture toughness slightly increased. Thus, the positive effect of CNTs on fracture toughness was demonstrated despite their counteracting effect on the refinement of the microstructure.
Al2O3 – MWCNT composites; Rapid hot pressing; Tribological properties; Mechanical properties