Fabrication of transparent MgAl2O4 spinel via spray freeze drying of microfluidized slurry
Ha-Neul Kim, Jin-Myung Kim, Mi-Ju Kim, Jae-Woong Ko, Young-Jo Park, Kisu Lee, Doo Hyun Choi
Spherical granules were prepared from a monodispersed slurry by combining the microfluidization (MF) method and the spray freeze-drying (SFD) process. Starting with the prepared granules, transparent MgAl2O4 ceramics were fabricated through pressureless sintering followed by hot isostatic pressing. A comparison with a polydispersed slurry prepared by the ball-milling method showed successful fabrication of a mono-dispersed state by microfluidization method, and 80% visible in-line transmittance was obtained at a 600-nm wavelength from a process starting with a monodispersed slurry of low solid content. Microstructural analysis of the green bodies, the pre-sintered bodies, and the hot isostatic pressed bodies of the prepared MgAl2O4 ceramics revealed that the slurry dispersion should be controlled to a high level in order to suppress scattering sources such as pores and microcracks, which affect the in-line transmittance of visible light.
Transparent; MgAl2O4; Spray freeze drying; Freeze granulation; Microfluidization